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Ride Your Bike If You Like 跨上自行車 世界任我馳騁

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2019/07/23 第412期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份直接訂閱

   
 

Ride Your Bike If You Like 跨上自行車 世界任我馳騁
Take a look at the Tour de France.
來看看環法自由車賽是怎麼一回事吧。

    

  Along with the Olympic Games and the World Cup, the Tour de France is one of the world’s greatest sporting events. Every July, riders from across the globe race for team and individual glory. Today, the race begins just across the French border in the mountains of Belgium and ends at the famous Champs-Elysees in Paris. The Tour de France now reaches millions of viewers each year, but what many people might not know is that it was originally designed to sell newspapers.
  In 1903, the sports newspaper L’Auto was doing poorly. One young writer had the bright idea of holding a cycling race through France. A multi-day event would naturally sell more papers. With this in mind, L’Auto planned the first tour which, at 19 days, was the longest cycling event to date. The first tour had under 80 competitors, and fewer than 30 of them finished. Yet it achieved its goal, saving L’Auto. Each year, the tour grew larger.
  While most attention is focused on the individual winner, it’s a team sport, too. Teams protect their leader, and others compete for various prizes, including classifications for speed on flat land or in the mountains, as well as the best time for young riders. Catch this year’s Tour from July 6th to 28th.

 

1. along with…  與……一起;以及……
Make sure to take all of these pills, along with some cough syrup.
務必服用所有這些藥丸,還有一些咳嗽糖漿。

2. individual a. 屬於個人的;個別的
Molly would like to have an individual bathroom to herself instead of having to share.
莫莉希望能有屬於自己的個人浴室而非與他人共用。

3. border n. 邊界;邊境地區
There have been several conflicts on the borders of a few Middle Eastern countries in recent years.
近年來一些中東國家的邊界發生了數起衝突。

4. cycling n. 騎自行車
cycle vi. 騎自行車
Romy hates cycling because it makes her all sweaty.
蘿咪討厭騎自行車,因為那會讓她滿身汗。
In order to exercise more, Heather cycles to work every day.
為了多運動,海瑟每天騎自行車上班。

5. to date  至今,到目前為止
This has been the most expensive music video made in the music industry to date.
製作這支 MV 的成本為音樂產業至今最高的。

6. competitor n. 競爭者;選手
compete vi. 競爭;參加比賽
Alvin was confident that he would defeat all the other competitors in the speech contest.
艾文有自信擊敗演講比賽裡所有其他的競爭者。
Kristen had to compete with many students in order to get the scholarship.
為了拿到獎學金,克莉絲汀得與許多學生競爭。

7. achieve vt. 達到(目標);實現
Nina believes that those who never give up will eventually achieve their goals.
妮娜相信永不放棄的人終將達成目標。

8. classification n. 分級;分類
classify vt. 將……分類∕歸類
In India, there is a strict classification of people based upon the family they were born into.
在印度,人依據所出生的家庭有嚴格的分級制度。
Some classify this music as house while others call it techno.
有些人把這種音樂歸類為浩室音樂,而也有些人稱之為鐵克諾音樂。

多多益善
本文中的單字 multi-day event 中的 multi- 為前綴詞的用法,表「多的,多方面的;種種的」,其後可加形容詞、名詞或動詞,有時候也會省略「-」符號、前後合成一字。如:multilayer(ed)(a. 多層的)、multifunction(al)(a. 多功能的)、multitask(vi. 同時進行多項任務)。來看看如何應用於例句吧!

That company has a multilayered hiring process.
(那間公司有多層的僱用員工流程。)
You can use this
multifunction remote control to control the TV and the air-conditioner.
(你可以用這個多功能遙控器控制電視及空調。)
It is very important to have the ability to
multitask.
(擁有同時進行多項工作的能力很重要。)

  環法自由車賽與奧運及世界盃足球賽同為世上最盛大的運動賽事之一。每年七月,來自全球的自行車手為了團隊及個人的榮耀而參賽。現今,該賽事起點就在跨越法國邊界的比利時群山上,並以巴黎知名的香榭麗舍大道為終點。環法自由車賽每年已達數百萬人觀看,但不為多數人所知的是,該賽事原先用意是為了賣報紙。
  1903 年,當時的法國體育報紙《汽車》銷量極差。一名年輕作家有了舉辦一場環繞法國的自行車賽的好主意。一場為期多天的運動賽事自然而然會賣出更多的報紙。以此為用意出發,《汽車》籌劃了首場為期十九天的巡迴賽,也是截至當時賽時最久的自行車賽。首次的巡迴賽只有不到八十人參賽,而且其中不到三十位選手完成比賽。但這卻達成了拯救《汽車》的目標。而該巡迴賽也年年壯大。
  雖然焦點大多都放在個別贏家上,但這也是一項團隊運動。團隊會保護主將,而其他人則是為了眾多獎項而相互競技,包含各種於平地或是高山賽段的速度分級項目,同時也有給年輕車手的最佳時間記錄等項目。可別錯過了今年從七月六日到二十八日的賽事。

 
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