fictist-news

未分類

The Gorgeous Spectacle of the Tung Blossoms 五月雪紛飛

【Live 互動英語報】內容生動且生活化,讓生活中的點點滴滴成為最好的學習教材,並讓你輕鬆開口說英語! 《新新聞》是國內政治新聞雜誌的第一品牌,閱讀【新新聞電子報】,讓您洞悉局勢變化,成為時代領袖!

無法正常瀏覽圖片,請按這裡看說明   無法正常瀏覽內容,請按這裡線上閱讀
新聞  健康  財經  追星  NBA台灣  udn部落格  udnTV  讀書吧  

2019/05/01 第413期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份直接訂閱

   
 

The Gorgeous Spectacle of the Tung Blossoms  五月雪紛飛

by William Ryan

    

  The flower of the tung tree occupies an important place in Hakka culture. Many Hakka in Taiwan once depended on the tree’s seed oil for income. Tung trees were first brought to Taiwan during the Japanese colonial period and cultivated in the island’s hilly regions near Hakka settlements. Glue-like and water-resistant, tung tree oil was in demand in furniture-making and boat-building. Cheaper synthetic products would later replace its use in these industries, and the tree’s economic importance diminished. However, tung flower blossoms endure as a unique and essential symbol of Hakka culture, reflecting deep, heartfelt gratitude towards the tung tree, the mountains, and nature.
  Each spring, from mid-April until mid-May, Hakka people cherish, celebrate, and share their cultural heritage. As massive amounts of white flower petals blanket the ground, the spectacular Tung Blossom Festival gets underway, bringing joy and renewal to all. Since its inauguration in 2002, the festivities have grown from a one-day event to a month-long, island-wide celebration, with millions in attendance every year. According to tradition, the occasion is a sacrifice to the guardian spirits on behalf of the Hakka people and also on behalf of the flowers.
  The main areas to see these flowers in bloom are in Miaoli and Taoyuan, and Dongshih in Taichung. These places are comprised of mountain trails that are not known for their accessibility. Not to worry. For those wishing to see the "May snow," as fallen tung blossoms are affectionately known, there are also numerous scenic trails and easy-access itineraries practically island-wide.
  Wander around the Hakka village of your choice, and don’t miss the festival highlightsampling the sumptuous culinary treasures and refreshments!

———————————————
1. Which of the following is true regarding the historical and cultural importance of the tung tree among Hakka people?
(A) Hakka once farmed and sold the flowers of the tung tree.
(B) Hakka once sold tung tree seed oil.
(C) Hakka continue to grow tung trees.
(D) Hakka brought the tung tree to Taiwan.
———————————————

2. Which of the following is NOT true about the Tung Blossom Festival?
(A) It takes place in April and May.
(B) The tradition includes a spiritual or religious aspect.
(C) The tradition dates back to the Japanese colonial period.
(D) It is attended by millions of people.
———————————————

3. According to the third paragraph, what are possible drawbacks to certain flower-sighting areas?
(A) Some of them present minor inconveniences that should be ignored.
(B) Since the main flower-viewing locations are far from Taipei, they are not so convenient.
(C) Many of the main flower-viewing areas are located on private property.
(D) Poor access to mountain trails makes some choices less appealing.
———————————————

4. What can most likely be inferred from the last paragraph?
(A) Delicious dishes and tasty treats are available at the festival.
(B) Some Hakka villages do not prepare food for the event.
(C) Many Hakka villages are off-limits to visitors.
(D) Most visitors to the festival prefer to forgo the food offerings.

 

1. gorgeous a. 美麗的
• I fell in love with the gorgeous girl at first sight.
我對那位美麗的女孩一見鍾情。

2. blossom n.(開)花
in (full) blossom / bloom  (花朵)盛開
• Those cherry trees are in full blossom in early spring.
那些櫻花樹在初春時開滿花朵。

3. cultivate vt. 栽培(作物)
• The local people cultivate mainly rice and beans.
當地人主要栽種稻米和豆子。

4. diminish vi. 減少
• The political influence of the former prime minister diminished with time.
前首相的政治影響力隨著時間而慢慢減弱。

5. endure vi. 持續存在
• Their friendship has endured for over 50 years.
他們的友誼維持了五十多年。

6. gratitude n. 感謝
show / express one’s gratitude to / towards sb
對某人表達感謝
• Larry showed his gratitude to Peggy for helping him land the interview by buying her lunch.
賴瑞藉由請佩琪吃午餐以感謝她幫他得到面試機會。

7. blanket vt. 覆蓋
be blanketed in…  被覆蓋在……內
• The roof of the small cabin was blanketed in snow.
這棟小木屋的屋頂被白雪覆蓋。

8. spectacular a. 精彩的,奪目的
• Many people visit Yellowstone National Park for its spectacular scenery.
許多遊客造訪黃石公園是為了欣賞那裡壯麗的景致。

9. sacrifice n. 供∕祭品(常與介詞 to 並用)
• The locals killed a pig as a sacrifice to spirits during the Ghost Festival.
當地人殺了一隻豬,作為中元節時獻給鬼魂的祭品。

10. accessibility n. 易接近
access n. 入口;進入
• Two new roads are being built to increase accessibility to downtown.
正在興建兩條新的道路以增加到市中心的便利性。
• The only access to the village is by boat.
搭船是進入這個村落的唯一方法。

11. affectionately adv. 親切地
• When Lisa saw her son, she affectionately embraced him.
麗莎看到兒子時,便親切地擁抱他。

12. sample vt. 品嚐
• While many of the customers sampled the chocolates, few of them bought any.
雖然有許多顧客試吃巧克力,卻沒幾個人買。

13. forgo vt. 放棄
三態為:forgo, forwent, forgone。
• Linda decided to forgo going to the movies for a while in order to save more money.
為了多存點錢,琳達決定這陣子不去看電影。

1. depend on…  仰賴……
• True friends are the ones that you can depend on in times of need.
那些在你需要幫助時能依賴的朋友才是真正的朋友。

2. be in demand  有需求的;很搶手的
• The software was already in high demand months before it was officially released.
那套軟體在正式發行前的好幾個月就已經非常搶手了。

3. get underway  開始
• The tournament got underway last Friday.
錦標賽於上週五開始。

4. in attendance  出席,參加
• A lot of Jeff’s friends were in attendance at his birthday party last weekend.
上週末有許多朋友來參加傑夫的生日派對。

5. on behalf of…  代表……
• The charity raised money on behalf of the orphans.
該慈善團體代表那群孤兒出來募款。

6. be comprised of…  由……組成
• This committee is comprised of 15 members.
這個委員會由十五位成員所組成。

7. date back to + 時間  回溯至(某時)
date back + 一段時間  回溯至(一段時間)前
• This church dates back to the 15th century.
這座教堂的歷史可回溯至十五世紀。
• This antique vase dates back hundreds of years.
這個古董花瓶可追溯至好幾百年前。

 

water-resistant a.(指布料等)抗水∕防潑水的
• The personal stereo has a water-resistant outer case.
這款個人立體音響擁有抗水的外殼。
————————————————————————-
-resistant(抗……的)和 proof(防……)都可接在名詞之後形成複合形容詞,但意思略有不同,以下說明兩者之間的差異:
a. -resistant 表示「抗……的」,但抵擋的程度較低,並非 100%,僅在某種程度上能夠抵擋。常見的此類複合詞有︰
drug-resistant(抗藥性的)、disease-resistant(抗疾病的,抗病害的)、fire-resistant(不易燃的)、heat-resistant(抗熱的,耐熱的)、insect-resistant(抗蟲(害)的)等。
• The emergence of drug-resistant bacteria has scientists worried.
抗藥性細菌的出現讓科學家們感到憂心。
• Botanists have finally succeeded in developing a disease-resistant strain of wheat.
植物學家終於成功培育出能抵抗疾病的小麥品種。
*botanist n. 植物學家
b. proof 則表「防……的,耐……的」,抵擋的程度較全面,為 100%。常見的此類複合詞有︰
waterproof(防水的)、bulletproof(防彈的)、fireproof(防火的,耐火的)、rustproof(防鏽的)、shockproof(防震的,防摔的)、skidproof(防滑的)、soundproof(隔音的)、windproof(防風的)、wrinkle-proof(防皺的)等。
• My electronic watch is waterproof, so I can go swimming with it.
我的電子錶能防水,所以我可以戴著它去游泳。
• Most of the buildings constructed these days are made with fireproof materials.
如今大多數的建築物都是以防火材質建造而成。

As massive amounts of white flower petals blanket the ground, the spectacular Tung Blossom Festival gets underway, bringing joy and renewal to all.
For those wishing to see the "May snow," as fallen tung blossoms are affectionately known, there are also numerous scenic trails and easy-access itineraries practically island-wide.
介紹 as 當連接詞時的四種用法
※ as 作副詞連接詞時,表「隨著……」或「當……的時候」,即等於 when 之意。(如上面第一句用法)
• The actor has become more attractive as he has gotten older.
那位演員上了年紀後變得更有魅力。
※ as 也可表「正如」,用於所說的話已為人所知或前面已經提過時。(如上面第二句用法)
As Napoleon once said, attack is the best method of defense.
正如拿破崙曾說過的,進攻是最好的防守。
As I explained in the email I sent you, we are processing a refund for you.
如同我在寄給您的電子郵件中所述,我們正在處理您的退款。
※ as 尚可作「因為」解,相當於 because 之意。
As / Because Lily has apologized to me, I’m going to forgive her.
因為莉莉已經向我道歉了,所以我會原諒她。
※ as 亦可作「雖然」解,等於 though,有下列句型變化:
As skillfully as Andy drives, he doesn’t have a driver’s license.
= Skillfully as Andy drives, he doesn’t have a driver’s license.
= Though Andy drives skillfully, he doesn’t have a driver’s license.
雖然安迪很會開車,但他卻沒有駕照。

spectacle n. 壯觀的場面
colonial a. 殖民(地)的
hilly a. 丘陵的
settlement n. 村落;定居地
synthetic a. 合成的;人造的
heartfelt a. 真誠的;感人的
heritage n. 遺產
petal n. 花瓣
renewal n. 更新;重建
inauguration n. 開始;就職典禮
festivity n. 慶祝活動
itinerary n. 旅遊行程
highlight n. 最精彩的部分
sumptuous a. 奢華的
culinary a. 烹飪的
refreshments n. 點心∕茶點(恆用複數)
off-limits  禁止進入的

 

五月雪紛飛
  

  油桐花在客家文化中占有重要地位。臺灣許多客家人曾仰賴這種樹的樹籽油作為收入來源。油桐樹在日治時期被帶進臺灣,並被種植於島上客家聚落附近的丘陵上。桐油像膠水一般且抗水,在傢俱製造與造船上需求量很大。在這些產業裡,後來有更為便宜的合成產品取代其用途,這些樹在經濟上的重要性便下降。不過,油桐花在客家文化中持續作為獨特且不可或缺的象徵,反映了對於油桐樹、山脈與大自然深切而由衷的感謝。
  每年春天的四月中旬至五月中旬之際,客家人珍惜、慶祝並分享他們的文化遺產。隨著大量的白色花瓣如地毯般鋪在地上(編按:本句原文使用 amounts 而非 numbers 來接複數名詞,係因語意所需而形成的搭配,表整體數量而非個別數目),壯觀的桐花祭展開,為眾人帶來歡樂和復甦。自該慶典從 2002 年開辦以來,已從一天的活動轉變成為期一個月、遍及全島的慶典,每年有數百萬人參與。根據傳統,這個盛典是代表客家人與這些花朵向守護神靈的獻祭。
  主要的賞花地點在苗栗、桃園,以及臺中東勢區。這些地區由一些以不是好抵達而出名的山徑所組成。別擔心。對於想欣賞「五月雪」(桐花落花的暱稱)的人,幾乎全島也都有許多風景優美且容易到達的路線。
  在你所選的客家村落漫步,並且別錯過慶典的重頭戲 ── 品嚐奢華的佳餚和點心吧!
———————————————

1. 關於油桐樹對於客家人在歷史與文化上的重要性,下列敘述何者正確?
(A) 客家人曾種植並販售桐花。
(B) 客家人曾販售油桐樹籽油。
(C) 客家人持續栽種油桐樹。
(D) 客家人將油桐樹引進臺灣。
———————————————

2. 下列關於桐花祭的敘述何者錯誤?
(A) 它於四月及五月舉行。
(B) 這項傳統包含了精神或宗教層面。
(C) 這項傳統可追溯至日治時期。
(D) 數百萬人參加這個活動。
———————————————

3. 根據本文第三段,何者是某些賞花地區可能的缺點?
(A) 其中一些地區有著可以被忽略的些微不便之處。
(B) 因為主要的賞花地點離臺北很遠,所以不太方便。
(C) 許多主要的賞花地點位於私有地。
(D) 山徑的不易抵達使得某些選擇較不吸引人。
———————————————

4. 從最後一段最可能推論出何者?
(A) 在慶典上有供應美味佳餚和甜點。
(B) 有些客家村落不會為這項活動準備食物。
(C) 許多客家村落禁止遊客進入。
(D) 大多數參加慶典的遊客傾向於放棄食物供品。
答案:
1. B 2. C 3. D 4. A

 
忘掉在學校學的英文吧!

忘掉在學校學的英文吧!
大部分人國高中所學的英文都是拿來應付考試用的, 遇到外國人,你真的有勇氣開口說英語嗎
還有,你口語用法對嗎

想進大公司、升高管、順利升遷?

想進大公司、升高管、順利升遷?
讓多益進步200分↑告別"薪"酸"薪"苦,邁向人生勝利組!

走春後,讀書正好 2019限塑時代,跟著我們一起鈦舊換新吧!雜誌訂閱優惠。訂閱半年就送「隨機超值好禮(隨行杯或保溫袋)」,訂一年則送「DIDA常春藤聯名款鑽石鈍角純鈦吸管五件組
 
     

中東政治變貌 五大支柱傾倒
中東政治在過去半世紀裡一直由五大支柱所形塑支撐,而如今這五大支柱都在倒塌。一個新的中東正在形成,但未必會如1990年代人們想像的那樣繁榮。

超神奇!小蘇打粉神奇妙用
小蘇打粉妙用多,舉凡居家食用、烹煮、個人清潔、美容、消毒、清洗……,幾乎都少不了它,到底它有哪些神奇妙用呢?應該如何選擇適合的小蘇打粉,在使用上有哪些禁忌?

 

Copyright c 2011 IVY LEAGUE ANALYTICAL ENGLISH All Rights Reserved. 版權所有,轉載必究。

與我們聯絡 電話:02-23317600 傳真:02-23810918

  免費電子報 | 著作權聲明 | 隱私權聲明 | 聯絡我們
udnfamily : news | video | money | stars | health | reading | mobile | data | NBA TAIWAN | blog | shopping