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Don’t Call Them Bird-Brained  四肢發達頭腦卻不簡單的禿鼻鴉

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2019/03/19 第394期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份直接訂閱

優惠活動訊息:見訊息
   
 

Don’t Call Them Bird-Brained 四肢發達頭腦卻不簡單的禿鼻鴉
These rooks are some real smarty-pants.
這些禿鼻鴉真的很愛耍小聰明。

 

 

  Did you know that rooks are among the most intelligent birds in the world? They come from the same intelligent family of birds that includes ravens, crows, and magpies. Rooks’ brains are very large relative to their size, so they can learn how to perform tasks very quickly. One test with rooks showed that they could quickly choose the right tool to lift a bucket and finally get the food they wanted.
  At a history-themed amusement park in France, workers were disappointed that people kept dropping trash all over the grounds, so they gave rooks a special task. When someone drops a small piece of garbage, the rooks are trained to go pick it up. The workers came up with a clever way to train the rooks. They use a special box that gives out food each time a rook deposits a piece of trash. This means that the rooks are rewarded for their work. Sometimes, however, these smart rooks will try to drop things like small pieces of wood into the box, just to get a treat. Cheating at this task shows just how truly intelligent the rooks actually are.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. intelligent a. 聰明的;有智慧的
Jude was the most intelligent student Professor Blake ever had.
裘德是布萊克教授教過最聰明的學生。

2. relative to…  相比∕較於……;按……的比例
The study shows that girls care a lot more about how they look on social media relative to boys.
這項研究顯示相較於男孩,女孩更加在乎她們在社群媒體上的模樣。

3. task n. 任務;工作
The task of service dogs is to help those with disabilities.
服務犬的任務是幫助身心障礙人士。
* disability n.(身心上的)缺陷,殘障

4. N-themed a. 以某事物為主題的
The superhero-themed party has Marty all excited.
這場以超級英雄為主題的派對讓馬蒂超興奮。

5. amusement n. 娛樂活動;樂趣
Jerry often practiced origami for amusement in his childhood.
傑瑞兒時常摺紙自娛。
* origami n.(日本的)摺紙藝術;摺紙手工

6. clever a. 巧妙的;聰穎的
Holly came up with a clever idea to avoid answering her parents’ question about why she was forty and still single.
荷莉想出了一個妙點子來避免回答父母對於她為何四十歲了還單身的問題。

7. deposit vt. 將某物置於某處;(將錢或貴重物品)存入(銀行)
You can deposit wet towels in the basket by the door.
你可以把濕毛巾放在門邊的籃子裡。

8. cheat vi. & vt. 作弊;詐騙;(於感情中)劈腿(與介詞 on 並用)
Jennifer was caught cheating on the exam and failed the class.
珍妮佛考試作弊被抓到然後那門課被當了。

 

bird-brained a. 笨的;愚蠢的
▼ rook n. 禿鼻(烏)鴉
▼ raven n. 渡鴉
▼ magpie n.(喜)鵲

 

別再自作聰明了!
本文中的單字 smarty-pants 可不是指「聰明人的褲子」,而是表「(說話或舉止看似)自作聰明的人」。另外一個有趣的單字 know-it-all 除了表「自以為什麼都懂的人」外,也能專指那些在別人話都還沒說完,就急著發表言論裝懂,但其實並不了解是什麼東西的人。例:

Josh is such a smarty-pants. He thinks he knows everything about everyone.
(賈許真是自以為聰明。他自以為知道每個人的所有事情。)

Can you just shut your mouth and stop being a know-it-all? You are so full of yourself!
(你能不能閉上嘴巴,不要再當個自以為是先生啊?你太大頭症了!)

 

  你知道禿鼻鴉是世上最聰明的鳥類之一嗎?牠們與渡鴉、烏鴉及喜鵲都源自同一個聰明的「鴉科」。禿鼻鴉的腦袋以其身型比例來說很大,因此牠們能非常快地學會如何執行任務。一項測試顯示禿鼻鴉能迅速地挑選出正確的工具來挑起桶子,然後最終獲得牠們想要的食物。
  於法國的一座歷史主題樂園中,工作人員對於民眾不斷隨地亂丟垃圾感到失望,所以他們給予了禿鼻鴉們一項特殊任務。某人丟了一個小垃圾時,被訓練過的禿鼻鴉就會將其叼起。這些工作人員想出了一個聰明的方式來訓練這些禿鼻鴉。他們利用一個特殊的盒子,每當一隻禿鼻鴉放入一個垃圾時,盒子就會發放出食物。這表示這些禿鼻鴉可以因工作而受賞賜。但有時這些聰明的禿鼻鴉會試著把像小塊木頭的東西丟入盒中,就只為了獲得獎賞。在任務中作弊正顯示了禿鼻鴉其實有多麼地聰明。

 


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