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NASA’s Time Capsule for Aliens 放給外星人聽的音樂 NASA 航海家金唱片

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2018/10/02 第384期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份直接訂閱

   
 

NASA’s Time Capsule for Aliens  放給外星人聽的音樂 NASA 航海家金唱片

by Brian Foden

For about US$100, you, too, can pick up a bit of cosmic history.
花大約一百美元,你也可以瞭解一點宇宙歷史。

    

  You could call it a type of message in a bottle—one that is literally out of this world. More than 40 years ago, in 1977, a record made of copper and coated with gold was __1__ into space. It featured sounds from nature as well as __2__ noises, including a tractor and a bus, 90 minutes of music, and 115 electronic images. Known as the Voyager Golden Record, it was placed on Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, both of __3__ are space probes designed to study the outer solar system and send photos back to Earth. The two copies of the recording are still out there in the cosmos, with Voyager 1 as the farthest man-made __4__ from Earth, situated almost 21 billion kilometers away from our planet. NASA’s website says the record is "intended to communicate a story of our world to extraterrestrials." The cover of the record also features symbolic __5__ on how to play the record and information on how to find Earth.
  The sounds and pictures were __6__ by a team of astrophysicists led by Carl Sagan of Cornell University. NASA never released it to the public, but the Voyager Golden Record is now available __7__ a Kickstarter campaign by Ozma Records, a California-based record label, which raised almost US$1.4 million to release the album here on Earth. Earthlings eager to pick up this re-released bit of cosmic history can do so by visiting the Ozma Records website (www.ozmarecords.com) and ordering the three-record box set for US$98. Even if aliens never get to hear it, at least you can space out to the sounds of Earth that were chosen to be sent into the farthest reaches of the solar system.
1. (A) measured  (B) accomplished  (C) launched  (D) infected
2. (A) mechanical  (B) financial  (C) superficial  (D) vertical
3. (A) who  (B) what  (C) that  (D) which
4. (A) fabric  (B) object  (C) custom  (D) arrow
5. (A) directions  (B) arguments  (C) occupations  (D) testimonies
6. (A) retained  (B) impressed  (C) selected  (D) amazed
7. (A) thanks to  (B) aside from  (C) instead of  (D) as to

 

1. More than 40 years ago, in 1977, a record made of copper and coated with gold was launched into space.
四十多年前,一張銅製鍍金唱片於 1977 年被發射到外太空。

理由:
a. (A) measure vt. 衡量;測量
Regular tests are used to measure the students’ progress.
定期考試是用來衡量學生的進步情況。
(B) accomplish vt. 達成,完成
Tom accomplished a great amount of work when he was in the office alone.
湯姆獨自在辦公室時完成了大量的工作。
(C) launch vt. 發射(火箭、飛彈等);發起(運動)
The troops launched missiles at the enemy’s camp, causing heavy casualties.
軍隊朝敵軍陣營發射飛彈,造成嚴重的傷亡。
*casualty n. 傷亡人數(常用複數)
(D) infect vt. 感染
: be infected with…  受到……的感染
Sam was infected with the flu after just a week back at school.
山姆剛回到學校一週後就被傳染了流感。
b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。

2. It featured sounds from nature as well as mechanical noises, including a tractor and a bus, 90 minutes of music, and 115 electronic images.
它主打自然界的聲音與機械噪音,包括一臺牽引機和一輛巴士、九十分鐘長的音樂以及一百一十五張電子圖像。

理由:
a. (A) mechanical a. 機械的
Our flight was canceled due to mechanical problems.
我們的航班因為機械故障而被取消。
(B) financial a. 財務的;金融的
You shouldn’t depend on your parents for financial support after you graduate from college.
大學畢業後,你就不該再仰賴父母的經濟支援。
(C) superficial a. 膚淺的
Amanda is so superficial that she only associates with rich people.
艾曼達膚淺到只跟有錢人來往。
(D) vertical a. 垂直的
It’s really hard for me to draw a straight vertical line without a ruler.
對我而言,不用尺畫一條垂直的線很困難。
b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

3. Known as the Voyager Golden Record, it was placed on Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, both of which are space probes designed to…
它名叫航海家金唱片,被放在航海家一號與航海家二號上面,這兩艘都是設計來……

理由:
a. 本題空格應置關係代名詞 which 代替前述的 Voyager 1 and Voyager 2(航海家一號與航海家二號),形成 "主要子句, 數量詞 + of + 關係代名詞(which / whom)引導的形容詞子句" 的用法。寫作時常會誤用成受格 them,造成兩個完整子句無連接詞連接的錯誤句構。
I have many rare records, some of which are from my grandfather.
我有很多稀有的唱片,其中有些是外公給我的。
b. 根據上述,(D) 項應為正選。

4. The two copies of the recording are still out there in the cosmos, with Voyager 1 as the farthest man-made object from Earth…
這兩份錄音拷貝檔案仍然在宇宙中,航海家一號成為離地球最遠的人造物體……

理由:
a. (A) fabric n. 布料
We will display our new range of fabrics at the exhibition.
我們將在那場展覽中陳列各式的新款布料。
(B) object n. 物體
Do you see the flying object in the sky?
你有看到那個在空中飛行的物體嗎?
(C) custom n. 風俗,習俗
The traditions for this holiday are rooted in customs from Asia.
這個節日的傳統是根源於亞洲的習俗。
(D) arrow n. 箭
Doug finally hit the bull’s-eye with his arrow.
道格終於一箭射中紅心。
*hit the bull’s-eye  射中靶心
b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。

5. The cover of the record also features symbolic directions on how to play the record and information on how to find Earth.
這張唱片的封面也有介紹如何播放唱片的符號指示以及如何找到地球的資訊。

理由:
a. (A) direction n. 指示;方向
Sandy approached a stranger to ask him for directions.
珊蒂走向一位陌生人向他問路。
(B) argument n. 論點;爭吵
Al’s persuasive argument made me doubt my decision.
艾爾深具說服力的論點讓我懷疑自己的決定。
*persuasive a. 有說服力的
(C) occupation n. 職業
Marty’s ideal occupation is to edit magazines in a top publishing house.
馬帝理想的職業是在一間一流的出版社編輯雜誌。
(D) testimony n. 證詞;證明
We hope that the witness’s testimony will help shed light on the murder.
我們希望證人的證詞有助於釐清該凶殺案。
*shed light on…  使……清楚
b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

6. The sounds and pictures were selected by a team of astrophysicists led by Carl Sagan of Cornell University.
這些聲音與圖片是由康乃爾大學的卡爾.薩根領導的天體物理學家團隊所挑選。

理由:
a. (A) retain vt. 保留;保有
Tony retained his championship title by defeating his opponent.
東尼藉由擊敗對手來保住冠軍頭銜。
(B) impress vt. 使留下印象
: impress sb with sth  以某事使某人印象深刻
The new mayor impressed the citizens with his efficiency.
那位新任市長的效率使市民印象深刻。
(C) select vt. 挑選,選擇
Our teacher selected students at random to give their speeches.
我們老師隨意抽人起來演講。
*at random  任意地,隨機地
(D) amaze vt. 使驚奇
: be amazed at / by…  對……感到驚訝
= be surprised at / by…  
We were all amazed at Richard’s ability to handle the problem.
我們對理查處理問題的能力感到驚訝。
b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。

7. NASA never released it to the public, but the Voyager Golden Record is now available thanks to a Kickstarter campaign by Ozma Records…
NASA 從未向大眾公開這張唱片,但多虧奧茲馬唱片公司(……)所發起的 Kickstarter 活動,航海家金唱片如今已可供欣賞。

理由:
a. (A) thanks to…  多虧∕由於??
Thanks to Katie’s help, we were able to finish the work on time.
多虧凱蒂的幫助,我們才能準時把工作做完。
(B) aside from…  除了……以外
: apart from…
Aside from novels and short stories, I’m also fond of reading comics.
除了小說和短篇故事之外,我也喜歡看漫畫。
(C) instead of…  而非……
Instead of taking elevators, Paul likes to use the stairs.
保羅喜歡爬樓梯而不搭電梯。
(D) as to…  有關……
: as of…  自……起
The firefighters are not sure as to what caused the fire.
消防隊員不確定是什麼引起了那場火災。
As of September 1, employees will get a 5% discount on all our goods.
自九月一日起,員工可用九五折購買自家公司的所有商品。
b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

1. a time capsule  時光膠囊
capsule n. 膠囊

2. literally adv. 照字面地;簡直
When it comes to translation, you shouldn’t translate articles literally.
說到翻譯,你不應該逐字翻譯文章。
The auditorium was literally packed with people.
大禮堂簡直人滿為患。
*be packed with…  擠滿??

3. copper n. 銅

4. feature vt. 主打;以……為特色 & n. 特色,特徵
Marvel’s superhero movie Black Panther featured a nearly all-black cast.
漫威的超級英雄電影《黑豹》主打幾乎全是黑人的卡司。
*panther n. 豹
One of the features of this car is that it’s powered by the sun.
這輛車的其中一項特色就是它靠太陽能驅動。

5. electronic a. 電子的
Make sure to unplug big electronic equipment if you are leaving home for a long time.
如果你要外出很長一段時間,務必要拔掉大型電器的插頭。
*unplug vt. 將……插頭拔掉

6. solar a. 太陽的
: lunar a. 月亮的

7. situate vt. 位於,使坐落(常用被動語態)
: be situated in / at / on…  位於……
= be located in / at / on…
Hawaii is situated in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
夏威夷位於太平洋的中央。

8. communicate vt. 傳達,傳遞 & vi. 溝通
: communicate with…  與……溝通
Joe always communicates his ideas clearly.
阿喬總能清楚地表達他的意見。
Colin finds it hard to communicate with his parents.
柯林覺得與父母溝通很困難。

9. symbolic a. 符號的;象徵(性)的
: be symbolic of…  象徵……
Red is symbolic of passion; white is symbolic of peace.
紅色象徵熱情;白色象徵和平。

10. release vt. & n. 公布;發行
That company’s profits have grown dramatically since they released their first products.
自從那間公司推出首批產品後,獲利便大為增長。
After the release of his latest CD, Ed’s popularity shot up.
艾德的人氣在最新 CD 發行後直線上升。
*shoot up  迅速竄升

11. campaign n.(為達某種目標的)活動
William participated in a campaign whose aim was to legalize certain drugs.
威廉參加一項以讓某些藥品合法化為目標的活動。
*legalize vt. 使合法

12. a record label  唱片公司
label n. 公司;公司名稱;公司商標

cosmic a. 宇宙的
: cosmos n. 宇宙
coat vt. 使包裹,使覆蓋
tractor n. 牽引機
voyager n. 航海家
: voyage n. 航行
a space probe  太空探測器
 probe n. 探測器
extraterrestrial n. 外星生物
astrophysicist n. 天文物理學家
earthling n. 地球人(多用於科幻小說中)

1. pick up…  (不經意地)學到……
Laura picked up a little Spanish during her trip to Mexico.
蘿拉到墨西哥旅行時,學了一點西班牙文。

2. be out of this world  好得不得了
The sunset last night was out of this world.
昨晚的夕陽真是美不勝收。

3. be intended to V  旨在∕目的在於……
intend vt. 意圖,打算
This medicine is intended to make me sleepy, but I’m still wide awake.
這藥本來是要幫助我入睡的,可是我仍然非常清醒。

4. be eager to V  渴望(做)……
Bella was eager to find out what she was getting for her birthday.
貝拉急著想知道她會收到什麼生日禮物。

5. space out  (腦袋)放空
比較 space out…  將……隔開
Jack completely spaced out during the lecture.
傑克聽講座時完全處於放空的狀態。
Try to space out your classes and study in between.
你要設法將上課時間隔開並在兩堂課之間研讀。

放給外星人聽的音樂 NASA 航海家金唱片
花大約一百美元,你也可以瞭解一點宇宙歷史。

  

  你可以將它稱作一種瓶中信 ── 真的是只應天上有的那種。四十多年前,一張銅製鍍金唱片於 1977 年被發射到外太空。它主打自然界的聲音與機械噪音,包括一臺牽引機和一輛巴士、九十分鐘長的音樂以及一百一十五張電子圖像。它名叫航海家金唱片,被放在航海家一號與航海家二號上面,這兩艘都是設計來研究外太陽系並將照片傳回地球的太空探測器。這兩份錄音拷貝檔案仍然在宇宙中,航海家一號成為離地球最遠的人造物體,距離我們的星球將近兩百一十億公里。NASA 網站表明這張唱片「旨在向外星人傳達我們世界的故事」。這張唱片的封面也有介紹如何播放唱片的符號指示以及如何找到地球的資訊。
  這些聲音與圖片是由康乃爾大學的卡爾.薩根領導的天體物理學家團隊所挑選。NASA 從未向大眾公開這張唱片,但多虧奧茲馬唱片公司(一間總部位於加州的唱片公司,其募集將近一百四十萬美元在地球上發行這張專輯)所發起的 Kickstarter 活動,航海家金唱片如今已可供欣賞。渴望認識這段重新公開的宇宙歷史的地球人可以造訪奧茲馬唱片公司網站(www.ozmarecords.com)並訂購售價九十八美元的三張唱片組合。就算外星人從沒機會聽到它們,至少你可以一邊聆聽被挑選送往太陽系最遠端的地球聲音,一邊放空自己。
答案: 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. B 5. A 6. C 7. A

 
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