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漢堡的歷史

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2018/09/03第294期 |  訂閱/退訂  |  看歷史報份  |  LiveABC 官網

 
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The History of the Hamburger
—M.M. Leonard


Few things are more American than hamburgers. However, the history of the hamburger is much longer than the history of America.
In the 13th century, the Mongols spread throughout Asia. During this time, Mongol fighters would put chopped-up meat under their saddles so that the meat became softer and easier to eat. The Mongols brought the dish to Russia. There, it became a favorite dish that’s known today as steak tartare. This is raw ground beef with a raw egg. By the 17th century, Russians had brought steak tartare to the port of Hamburg, Germany. The locals there had the idea to cook it. This dish became known as Hamburg steak.
By the mid-1800s, travelers from Hamburg had arrived on American shores with their popular local dish. In 1891, an American by the name of Oscar Weber Bilby held a Fourth of July party at his cow farm. He grilled patties of ground beef and put them on buns. Thus, the modern hamburger was born.

漢堡的歷史
很少有東西比漢堡更有美國味的了。然而,漢堡的歷史可是比美國的歷史更悠久!
十三世紀時,蒙古人散布到亞洲各地。在這段時間,蒙古戰士會把切碎的肉放在馬鞍下好讓肉質變得更軟嫩且更容易食用。蒙古人把這道菜帶到了俄羅斯。在那裡,它變成一道廣受喜愛的菜餚,今天就稱之為「韃靼牛肉」。這是生的牛絞肉配上一顆生蛋。到了十七世紀,俄羅斯人把韃靼牛肉帶到德國港口城市漢堡。當地人有了烹煮它的想法。這道料理就被稱為漢堡排。
到了十九世紀中葉,來自漢堡的旅人帶著他們當地受歡迎的菜抵達了美國沿岸。一八九一年,一位名叫奧斯卡.韋伯.比爾畢的美國人在他飼養牛的農場裡舉辦了七月四日國慶派對。他炙烤牛絞肉的肉餅,然後把它們放在小圓麵包上。現代漢堡於焉而生。

 
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boba 波霸奶茶
《牛津英語詞典》(Oxford English Dictionary)將boba(又稱為boba tea「波霸奶茶」)收錄於字典中,定義為bubble tea(珍珠奶茶)的另一種說法,由此顯示波霸奶茶受歡迎的程度。
 
entry (字典、參考書的)詞條、條目
transliteration 音譯
originate 起源、發源
tapioca pearl/ball 粉圓、珍珠
Originating in Taiwan, boba tea consists of tapioca pearls and milk tea.
波霸奶茶源自台灣,由粉圓和奶茶組成。
 
 

 
 
2018/09/03(一) “I will help you dig as soon as I get my strength back,” he said.
牠說:「一旦我恢復力氣就會幫你挖。」

2018/09/04(二) The stumps serve to remind us that being selfish rather than helpful will only bring trouble.
殘尾用來提醒我們自私而不幫助人只會帶來麻煩。

2018/09/05(三)

Few things are more American than hamburgers.
很少有東西比漢堡更有美國味的了。

2018/09/06(四) From the fields of Mongolia to the grill at your local burger place, the burger has stood the test of time.
從蒙古草原到你當地漢堡店的烤架上,漢堡經得起時間的考驗。

2018/09/07(五) The world has a serious problem with plastic waste, which can be hard to recycle, especially in remote places.
世界上有嚴重的塑膠垃圾問題,塑膠垃圾可能不易回收利用,尤其是在偏遠的地方。

 
 
 
 
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