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打招呼為什麼用Hello?

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2017/04/03第258期 |  訂閱/退訂  |  看歷史報份  |  LiveABC 官網

 
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Why We Say Hello
—Ben Bousada


When you first began studying English, one of the earliest things you probably learned to say was "hello." This greeting is so common that you may assume the word "hello" has been used in this way since the dawn of the English language. However, it wasn’t all that long ago that saying "hello" meant something entirely different.
The first recorded use of "hello" occurred in 1827. At that time, it was used to get someone’s attention, much like the phrase "excuse me." However, American inventor Thomas Edison had other plans for the word. When the first telephones became publicly available in the late 1870s, Edison began encouraging people to greet callers with "hello." This bothered the telephone’s inventor, Alexander Bell, who insisted that people use the older term "ahoy" instead.
In the end, it was the publishers of the first phone books that settled the debate. These phone books came with instructions on how to use the newly invented telephone. In these instructions, "hello" was listed as the proper greeting to use. Consequently, with the spread of the telephone, "hello" soon became the everyday greeting we know so well today.

打招呼為什麼用Hello?
你開始學英語時可能最早學會說的詞彙之一就是「哈囉」(hello)。這個招呼語非常普遍以致於你可能會認為「哈囉」這個字從有英文開始就是這樣用的。然而,在不是太久之前,說「哈囉」是指完全不同的意思。
「哈囉」最早的使用紀錄是在一八二七年。當時是用來引起某人的注意,就很像「不好意思」(excuse me)這個詞彙一樣。然而,美國發明家湯瑪斯.愛迪生對這個字有其他打算。最早的電話在一八七○年代晚期開始被大眾使用時,愛迪生開始鼓勵大家接電話時用「哈囉」向來電者打招呼。這惹惱了發明電話的人亞歷山大.貝爾,他堅持大家要用較舊的用語「嗯荷」(ahoy)。
最後是最早的電話簿出版商解決了這個爭議。這些電話簿附有如何使用電話這個新發明的用法說明。在這些說明中,「哈囉」被列為適合使用的招呼語。結果,由於電話的傳播,「哈囉」不久就變成我們今天非常熟悉的日常招呼用語了。

 
《 詳細內文請翻閱NO.192 4月號Live互動英語雜誌 》
 
 

Apple Pay 蘋果公司的行動支付服務
Good on you!用來表揚或讚美別人,表示認為對方表現良好,可加入for sth說明讚美的理由,如對話中用法。
digital wallet service 數位錢包服務;行動支付服務
consumer 消費者
ID authentication 身分認證(ID為identification 的簡寫)
Touch ID sensor 指紋感應器
contactless 非接觸式的
 
Many consumers today are using contactless digital wallet services.
現今許多消費者都在使用非接觸式的數位錢包服務。
 
 
2017/04/03(一) One day, while his brothers were out feeding the flocks, Joseph was sent by Jacob to help them.
有一天,他的兄長外出餵羊群時,雅各派約瑟去幫他們。

2017/04/04(二) He cast aside his desire for vengeance and told his brothers to bring the family to Egypt, where they were happily reunited.
他拋開報復的渴望並叫兄弟們把全家人帶來埃及,他們在那裡快樂團聚在一起。

2017/04/05(三)

When the first telephones became publicly available in the late 1870s, Edison began encouraging people to greet callers with “hello.”
最早的電話在一八七○年代晚期開始被大眾使用時,愛迪生開始鼓勵大家接電話時用「哈囉」向來電者打招呼。

2017/04/06(四) The libraries of today are incredible resources for personal education — a luxury we owe to the civilizations of the past.
今天的圖書館是個人教育的絕佳資源──我們能有這個奢侈品都要歸功於過去的文明。

2017/04/07(五) As time marched on, libraries continued to play an important role in many cultures.
隨著時光推移,圖書館持續在許多文化中扮演重要角色。

 
 
 
 
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