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New App Helps Fight the Sex Trafficking of Children 打擊兒童情色交易的幕後功臣

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New App Helps Fight the Sex Trafficking of Children 打擊兒童情色交易的幕後功臣

by Brian Foden

Using TraffickCam, the public can take photos of hotel rooms to help locate criminals.
透過 TraffickCam,民眾可以拍下飯店房間的照片以幫助找出罪犯的位置。

  It’s a sad fact that the sex trafficking of children is a major problem around the world. One of the big reasons this _(1)_ activity continues to exist is that the perpetrators try their best to keep it hidden from sight. Rather than forcing children to solicit for sex on the streets, where law enforcement officers would more easily _(2)_ the crime, traffickers take photos of minors in hotel rooms and post the pictures online as a type of advertising for "clients." Those behind this sexual exploitation see hotels as ideal spots because they can change locations frequently to avoid getting caught, and they assume police will not be able to discover _(3)_ the pictures were taken.
  _(4)_, an initiative called TraffickCam is enlisting the public’s help in battling this despicable crime. Both an online service and a downloadable app, TraffickCam was created by the social action group Exchange Initiative along with researchers from Washington University in St. Louis. People are _(5)_ to download the TraffickCam app, snap photos of the rooms they are staying in from four different angles, and then upload them to a large database. Once the photos are in the TraffickCam system, police can compare them with those taken by the _(6)_ who traffic children. Innovative software compares patterns in carpeting, furniture, and other items found in hotel and motel rooms to _(7)_ lists of places where the photos of the children might have been taken. TraffickCam is a valuable new tool in the fight against the sex trafficking of young people.

1. (A) durable  (B) pleasant  (C) illegal  (D) joyful
2. (A) permit  (B) hail  (C) promote  (D) spot
3. (A) where  (B) what  (C) whom  (D) when
4. (A) Approximately  (B) Fortunately  (C) Negatively  (D) Properly
5. (A) encouraged  (B) condemned  (C) punished  (D) betrayed
6. (A) judges  (B) landlords  (C) champions  (D) criminals
7. (A) emerge from  (B) put up with  (C) come up with  (D) derive from


 
  1. One of the big reasons this illegal activity continues to exist is that the perpetrators try their best to keep it hidden from sight.
    這種非法活動持續存在其中一個很大的原因是罪犯盡其所能地避免曝光。
    理由:
    a. (A) durable a. 耐用的
    Scientists are trying to create lightweight and durable fabrics from feathers.
    科學家正試著用羽毛創造出輕盈且耐用的布料。
    (B) pleasant a. 愉悅的
    The couple had a pleasant weekend in Hualien.
    這對夫婦在花蓮度過一個愉快的週末。
    (C) illegal a. 非法的,違法的
    William was arrested for possessing an illegal weapon.
    威廉因非法持有武器而被逮捕。
    (D) joyful a. 充滿喜悅的
    We were excited and joyful, knowing that our school team had won the game.
    獲知校隊贏了比賽時,我們既興奮又高興。
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。
  2. Rather than forcing children to solicit for sex on the streets, where law enforcement officers would more easily spot the crime…
    這些色情販子不會強迫兒童到執法人員較容易撞見的街頭拉客……
    理由:
    a. (A) permit vt. 允許,許可
    Our landlord doesn’t permit pets in the apartment.
    我們的房東不允許我們在公寓裡養寵物。
    (B) hail vt. 歡呼;稱頌
    After the end of the war, the politician was hailed as a great peacemaker.
    戰爭結束後,那位政治家被歌頌為了不起的調解者。
    (C) promote vt. 升遷;促進,提倡
    The manager has decided to launch a series of campaigns to promote sales.
    經理已決定要發動一連串的促銷活動。
    (D) spot vt. 看到;發現
    Jeremy spotted a hole in his co-worker’s marketing plans.
    傑瑞米發現他同事的行銷計劃上有個漏洞。
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
  3. … and they assume police will not be able to discover where the pictures were taken.
    ……他們也認為警方無法發現照片拍攝的地方。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有及物動詞 discover(發現),其後為一完整子句,得知空格內應置疑問詞(how, what, when, where, why 等)以引導該名詞子句。
    I don’t know where my sister works precisely.
    我不知道我姊姊工作的確切地點。
    b. 根據上述及語意,(A) 項應為正選。
  4. Fortunately, an initiative called TraffickCam is enlisting the public’s help in battling this despicable crime.
    值得慶幸的是,一項稱作 TraffickCam 的計劃正尋求大眾的幫助以打擊這種卑劣的罪行。
    理由:
    a. (A) approximately adv. 大約
    The flight from Taipei to Seoul takes approximately two and a half hours.
    從臺北飛往首爾的航班需費時大約兩個半小時。
    (B) fortunately adv. 幸運地
    Tina was late, but fortunately, the movie hadn’t started yet.
    蒂娜遲到了,但所幸電影還沒開始。
    (C) negatively adv. 負面地
    Anna talked negatively about my singing with some friends.
    安娜和一些朋友批評我的歌聲。
    (D) properly adv. 適當地
    Only people who are properly dressed can enter this restaurant.
    只有衣著恰當的人才可以進這家餐廳。
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  5. People are encouraged to download the TraffickCam app, snap photos of the rooms they are staying in from four different angles…
    他們鼓勵民眾下載 TraffickCam 應用程式,在他們留宿的房間以四個不同角度拍攝照片……
    理由:
    a. (A) encourage vt. 鼓勵;激勵
    衍: encourage sb to V  鼓勵某人做……
    Mom encouraged me to go to graduate school for further study.
    媽媽鼓勵我唸研究所繼續深造。
    (B) condemn vt. 譴責,指責
    Greenpeace condemns people for killing sharks for their fins.
    綠色和平組織譴責為了取得魚鰭而濫殺鯊魚的人。
    (C) punish vt. 處罰,懲罰
    Zack was punished for lying to his mother about where he was.
    柴克因為向媽媽謊報自己的行蹤而被處罰。
    (D) betray vt. 背叛
    Mandy was filled with guilt and regret for betraying her best friend.
    曼蒂因背叛自己的好友而內心充滿了罪惡和悔恨。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。
  6. Once the photos are in the TraffickCam system, police can compare them with those taken by the criminals who traffic children.
    一旦照片在 TraffickCam 的系統中,警方就可以用走私兒童罪犯所拍下的照片進行比對。
    理由:
    a. (A) judge n. 裁判;法官
    A good judge has to be free from prejudice.
    好的法官必須沒有偏見。
    *prejudice n. 偏見
    (B) landlord n. 房東
    Henry decided to negotiate the rent with his landlord.
    亨利決定與他的房東協商房租。
    (C) champion n.(比賽的)冠軍
    John is the champion of the dart league.
    約翰是該場飛鏢聯賽的冠軍。
    *dart n. 飛鏢
    (D) criminal n. 罪犯
    The dangerous criminal is still at large.
    這名危險的罪犯仍然逍遙法外。
    *at large  逍遙法外
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
  7. Innovative software compares patterns in carpeting, furniture, and other items found in hotel and motel rooms to come up with lists of places where the photos of the children might have been taken.
    這個創新的軟體會比對地毯、傢俱上的樣式以及飯店或是汽車旅館內的其他物品,提供一系列兒童可能被拍下照片的地點清單。
    理由:
    a. (A) emerge from…  從……出現
    emerge vi. 出現,露出
    The fin of a shark emerged from the ocean, causing swimmers to panic.
    一隻鯊魚的鰭從海中冒出來,引起泳客一陣驚慌。
    *panic vi. 驚恐,驚慌
    (B) put up with…  容忍……
    Teresa couldn’t put up with Kenny’s attitude, so she dumped him.
    泰瑞莎受不了肯尼的態度,所以將他給甩了。
    (C) come up with…  想出/提出……(主意、點子)
    We need to come up with a creative slogan to advertise the new product.
    我們需要想個有創意的標語來廣告新產品。
    (D) derive from…  源自……
    derive vi. 起源,源自
    This story derives from an old legend.
    這個故事源自於一則古老的傳說。
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。
  1. locate vt. 找出……的位置
    衍: location n. 地點;位置
    The soldiers tried to locate the enemy’s ship.
    士兵們試圖找出敵船。
    The price of a house usually depends on its location.
    房子的價格通常視它的地段而定。
  2. exploitation n. 剝削
    衍: exploit vt. 剝削
    The workers reacted against the capitalists’ ruthless exploitation by holding strikes.
    工人們舉行罷工,反對資本主義者的殘酷剝削。
    *ruthless a. 殘酷的,無情的
    European colonists exploited the labor of the natives in the diamond mines.
    歐洲殖民者剝削鑽石礦區的當地勞工。
    *colonist n. 殖民者
  3. assume vt. 認為;假定
    Rita didn’t see Al’s wedding ring, so she assumed that he was single.
    麗塔沒看到艾爾的婚戒,所以她便認為他還單身。
  4. discover vt. 發現
    衍: discovery n. 發現
    That scientist claims to have discovered a cure for cancer.
    那名科學家聲稱已經發現治癒癌症的療法。
    The discovery is regarded as a breakthrough in medical science.
    這項發現被認為是醫學上的一項突破。
  5. initiative n. 計劃;倡議;率先
    衍: take the initiative  採取主動
    If I didn’t take the initiative to clean the house, no one would.
    我若不先主動打掃房子,就沒有人會去做。
  6. battle vt. 與……作戰 & n. 戰鬥;交戰
    The fire was finally out after firefighters had battled it for six hours.
    經過消防人員六小時的奮力搶救之後,這場火災終於被撲滅。
    Larry will have a verbal battle with his father if he insists on dropping out of school.
    賴瑞如果堅持要休學,他將面臨和父親的一場激烈的爭論。
  7. snap vt. 拍攝(照片)
    During our visit to the Eiffel Tower, Lucy snapped over 100 pictures.
    我們去參觀艾菲爾鐵塔時,露西猛拍了一百多張相片。
  8. innovative a. 新穎的,創新的
    The baker is known for creating big cakes with innovative designs.
    那位烘焙師傅以製作設計新穎的大型蛋糕而聞名。
  9. valuable a. 有用的,有價值的
    衍: invaluable a. 無價的
    Traveling alone is a valuable experience anyone could benefit from.
    獨自旅行是讓任何人都能從中獲益的寶貴經驗。
    History books are invaluable resources for learning about the past.
    史書是得知過去的無價資源。

trafficking n. 非法交易,走私
衍: human trafficking  人口販賣
perpetrator n. 罪犯
solicit vi. & vt. 招攬生意;請求,懇求
enforcement n. 執行,實施
minor n. 未成年人
enlist vt. 獲得;取得(幫助)
despicable a. 卑劣的
database n. 資料庫
pattern n. 花紋,圖案

  1. force sb to V  迫使某人(做)……
    Kevin’s mom forced him to clean his room before allowing him to play computer games.
    媽媽要凱文先打掃房間才准打電動。
  2. compare A with B  比較 A 與 B
    衍: compared to / with…  和……相較之下
    It’s interesting to compare Western customs with Chinese customs.
    比較西方與中國的習俗相當有趣。
    Compared to his earlier works, Dan’s writing now is more detailed and refined.
    與阿丹早期的作品相比,現在他的作品描寫更為詳盡洗鍊。
    *refined a. 精鍊的

打擊兒童情色交易的幕後功臣
透過 TraffickCam,民眾可以拍下飯店房間的照片以幫助找出罪犯的位置。

  令人難過的事實是,兒童色情交易成為世界各地的一項重大問題。這種非法活動持續存在其中一個很大的原因是罪犯盡其所能地避免曝光。這些色情販子不會強迫兒童到執法人員較容易撞見的街頭拉客,而是在飯店房間內拍攝未成年人的照片,並張貼到網路上以作為吸引『客戶』的廣告方式。那些色情剝削背後的藏鏡人將飯店視為理想的地點,因為他們可以頻繁地更換地點以避免被抓到,他們也認為警方無法發現照片拍攝的地方。
  值得慶幸的是,一項稱作 TraffickCam 的計劃正尋求大眾的幫助以打擊這種卑劣的罪行。TraffickCam 既是線上服務也是可供下載的應用程式,它是由社會行動小組 Exchange Initiative 和聖路易華盛頓大學的研究人員所創造。他們鼓勵民眾下載 TraffickCam 應用程式,在他們留宿的房間以四個不同角度拍攝照片,接著再上傳到一個大型的資料庫。一旦照片在 TraffickCam 的系統中,警方就可以用走私兒童罪犯所拍下的照片進行比對。這個創新的軟體會比對地毯、傢俱上的樣式以及飯店或是汽車旅館內的其他物品,提供一系列兒童可能被拍下照片的地點清單。TraffickCam 是打擊青少年情色交易很有用的新工具。
答案: 1. C 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. A 6. D 7. C

 
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